"Required Reading for Revolters"


Thomas Szasz, The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health
  Movement (New York: Harper and Row, 1970).

Thomas Szasz, The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct (New York: Hoeber-Harper,
  1961). Szasz's first book on the topic.

Thomas Szasz, Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences (New York: Wiley, 1987). A systematic answer to Szasz's critics
  over the years

Thomas Szasz, A Lexicon of Lunacy: Metaphoric Malady, Moral Responsibility, and Psychiatry
  (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1993).

R.D. Laing, The Politics of Experience (New York: Pantheon, 1967)

R.D. Laing and A. Esterson, Sanity, Madness and Family (New York: Basic Books, 1965).

R.D. Laing, The Voice of Experience (New York: Pantheon Books, 1982).

R.D. Laing, Wisdom, Madness and Folly: The making of a Psychiatrist (New York: McGraw Hill, 1985).

Erving Goffman, Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates
  (New York: Anchor Books, 1961).

Peter Breggin, Toxic Psychiatry: Why Therapy, Empathy, and Love Must Replace the Drugs, Electroshock,
  and Biochemical Theories of the 'New Psychiatry' (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991).

Thomas Scheff, Being Mentally Ill (Chicago: Aldine, 1966).

Theodore Sarbin and James Mancuso, Schizophrenia: Medical Diagnosis or Moral Verdict?
  (New York: Pergamon, 1980).

D. Rosenhan, 'On Being Sane in Insane Places'. In Paul Watzlawick (ed.), The Invented Reality
  (New York: Norton, 1984).

Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilization (New York: Vintage, 1965).

Kate Millet, The Loony-Bin Trip (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991).

David Cohen (ed.), Challenging the Therapeutic State: Critical Perspectives on Psychiatry and the Mental Health
  System (The Journal of Mind and Behavior, P.O. Box 522, Village Station, New York, NY 10014, $18).

John Modrow, How to Become a Schizophrenic: The Case Against Biological Psychiatry
 (Apollyon Press, P.O. Box 5114, Everett, WA). Written by a bona fide 'schizophrenic'.

Jay Haley, Leaving Home: The Therapy of Disturbed Young People (New York: McGraw Hill, 1980).

Jeffrey Masson, Against Therapy: Emotional Tyranny and the Myth of Psychological Healing
 (New York: Atheneum, 1988).

Judi Chamberlin, On Our Own (New York: Harper and Row, 1980).


In order to understand how dehumanizing modern psychology is, it is necessary to compare it to more exalted conceptions of what it means to be a human being:

Selected Writings of Rallph Waldo Emerson. Two essays in particular, The Divinity School Address and The Over-Soul. Emerson articulates Christ's sublime and grand vision of human potential, and he explicates the tragic misinterpretation of Christ's teaching promulgated by "historic Christianity".

Rabbi Abraham J. Herscel, The Prophets; An Introduction (New York: Harper and Row, 1962). A genuine religious perspective is concerned primarily not with mystical experience but with 'historical justice'. "Mystical experience is the illumination of an individual; historical justice is the illumination of all human beings, enabling the inhabitants of the world to learn righteousness."

Vladimir Solovyov, The Meaning of Love (West Stockbridge, MA: Lindisfarne Press, 1984) Solovyov lived from 1853 to 1900. I find him the most profound and prescient Christian theolgian and visionary. He believed that romantic love was potentially the instrument for effecting the kind of spiritual transformation that would enable us to attain physical immortality and to realize the Kingdom of God on earth.

Robert McDermott (ed.), The Essential Aurobindo (New York: Schocken, 1973). Aurobindo Ghose ('Sri Aurobindo') was a Hindu philospher and yogi (1878-1950), who wrote in English. He was one of the greatest sages who ever lived.


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